While the number of US troops in Afghanistan is set to be reduced to 2,500 this Friday, there is also a change of power in the United States on both sides.
Is falling One more thing is clear that this agreement will affect not only the Taliban, Afghanistan and America, but the whole of Central Asia from South Asia. To understand its impact on India, we need to look at two topics.
The United States took two steps in Afghanistan in 2001 to end the Taliban after terrorist attacks on several other locations, including the Ring Trade Center in the United States. One month after the incident, the United States launched airstrikes while conducting operations against terrorists in Afghanistan. Later, more countries in the West, led by the US, joined it and their combined forces reached Afghanistan. The then US President George W. Bush called it a war on terror and the next president was also actively involved in the campaign. In the same episode, President Donald Trump sent an additional 5,000 troops to Afghanistan in 2017. At the same time, he gave the US military more leeway to feed the Taliban.
More than 1.5 million people have been killed in nearly 19 years of war, according to the Council on Foreign Relations, and the United States has spent nearly ટ્ર 2 trillion. On the other hand, the US also tried to strengthen the democratic Afghan government, but despite all this, the situation in Afghanistan is not normal. Pakistan has also played a key role in the formation of the Taliban. Pakistan’s intelligence agency ISI has also been accused of helping the Taliban.
Safe havens for Taliban leaders include Pakistan’s territory around Afghanistan. Historically, even before 1996, when the Taliban did not fully occupy Afghanistan, Pakistan was a safe haven for its leaders and fighters. In 2001, terrorists based in Afghanistan planned and carried out attacks on US-built trade centers and the Pentagon. Following the US operation, Taliban fighters and top leaders took refuge in Pakistan and carried out terrorist activities.
Explaining the strength of the TalibanEven after two decades of continuous war and spending billions of dollars, a powerful country like America failed to wipe out the Taliban and eventually had to compromise with the Taliban. It is also seeking Pakistan’s cooperation. The agreement was initiated in September 2018 and was reached between the US and the Taliban after nine rounds of talks. It was agreed on a number of issues between the two parties. In 135 days, the United States will reduce its troop numbers to 8,600, and so will its other allies.
On the other hand, the Taliban must ensure that it does not engage in any activity in Afghanistan that harms the security of the United States and its allies. At the same time, sanctions imposed on Taliban leaders by the United Nations and the United States will be lifted. Agreements have also been signed to release 5,000 Taliban and 1,000 other prisoners. The Taliban also agreed to talk to Afghanistan. The agreement has been seen as an important effort to end the war in Afghanistan for nearly two decades.
Pundits believe that the Taliban is currently in its strongest position in 19 years, with some 60,000 fighters and its supremacy in some districts of Afghanistan today. There have been many incidents in the last few months where the Taliban have been blaming the US and the Afghan Taliban. Another thing is that the Taliban is not a state or a permanent system.
To be affected by IndiaPossibility:India will also be affected by the ongoing transformation process in Afghanistan. In the last two and a half decades, India has spent billions of rupees to improve its infrastructure. It has also significantly improved relations between India and Afghanistan. Withdrawing US troops from here without any decisive action would be detrimental to Afghanistan. This will make the Taliban stronger.
The Taliban has good relations with other anti-India terrorist organizations, Jaish-e-Mohammed and Lashkar-e-Taiba. As the Taliban grows stronger, so will they. The Taliban in Afghanistan produce drugs and sell them in other parts of the world. It is the best source of income. This money is used for terrorist activities. India said a few months ago that it should ensure that Afghan land is not used for anti-India activity, but fears that it will not be possible when the Taliban are there.
Pakistan on the other hand is trying to enter Afghanistan through the Taliban and it could harm India. A Taliban negotiator also recently said that the top leadership of the Taliban is in Pakistan. The Afghan government has also said in a statement that training centers in Pakistan must be closed for peace in Afghanistan.
The Taliban do not believe in a democratic government in Afghanistan and are talking about forming a new government and participation. India will have to establish itself more strongly in Afghanistan’s neighbors to keep an eye on the Taliban. India should strengthen its intelligence system.